- 无标题文档
查看论文信息

论文题名(中文):

 思索当代雕塑的材料同一语言    

作者:

 福田全启    

学号:

 204L0152    

论文语种:

 中文    

学生类型:

 硕士    

学校:

 中央美术学院    

院系:

 造型学院    

专业:

 雕塑系    

研究方向:

 当代雕塑材料语言    

第一导师姓名:

 隋建国    

论文完成日期:

 2007-06-27    

论文题名(外文):

 The Contemporary Sculpture of Materials    

关键词(中文):

 当代雕塑 材料 陶瓷 化学    

关键词(外文):

 Contemporary Sculpture materials ceramic chemistry    

论文摘要(中文):
从史前人类使用的雕塑材料是木,石,粘土,兽骨皮革等。此后,开始使用从自然环境容易得到的金、铜等金属,现今石化工业设备生产的塑料和到20世纪才能批量生产的轻合金等各种各样的物质按照它特征和适合用途成为当代雕塑材料。 雕塑材料可以分成两大类。一种是木材和石材等自然行成块状的“自然材料”,另一种是金属,陶瓷,塑料等人力改成块状的“人工材料”或“可塑性材料”。(以下称为“人工塑性材料”) 我受到大学美术教育之后,正好过20年。回顾自己作品使用的材料都是人工塑性材料。这并不是因为要刻意避开使用自然材料,只不过在我的创作环境里容易购买。另外,人工塑性材料的优点在于:在理解一些材料物质特征之后,可以通过材料调剂和温度调整管理等人力操作,能够改良其加工性并改善其耐久性等其他因素。 因此,本论文的研究对象是过去我亲身经验的人工可塑性材料为主。但是 “人工塑性材料”里的陶瓷、金属和塑料的结构物质元素是完全不同的种类,需要进一步研究各种材料的特性从而摸索出物质特征的共通项。因此,在正文开头以化学基础重新整理物质构造之后,具体举出以陶釉调配成分作为人工塑性材料的典型例子来深入阐述。 “雕塑”这个艺术表现方法含有的定义,其一是“物质”。在我的雕塑创作过程中,时常感觉到“雕塑”在某种意义上是一种跟雕塑材料的“对话”。跟物质“对话”是没法用人间语言,而只能靠五感观察。雕塑材料是装沉默寡言,但有时用六感来回答,激发新的创作“灵感”。
摘要(外文):
The sculpture materials used by prehistoric peoples included wood, stone, clay, animal bones, leather etc. Later, metals such as gold and copper that are easily extracted from the natural environment started to be used for sculpture. Various materials including plastics and alloy metal have been put into use in modern sculpture according to their respective characteristics and suitable usages. Sculpture materials could be divided into two categories: natural materials that are solid such as wood and stone; and artificial materials such as metals, ceramics, and plastics that may be manipulated to create forms (i.e. materials with the physical quality of plasticity”). 20 years have passed since I graduated from the University of fine arts. The materials of all my sculpture-works were artificial materials with plastic qualities. It was not because I wanted to avoid the use of natural materials; but simply because those artificial materials were easily accessible in my environment 。Furthermore these materials had the advantage that they could be altered to improve their workability, durably and other factors. Therefore, the focus of study in this article is the artificial materials ( with physical plastic qualities ), which I used before. The basic elements of each material such as ceramics, metals and other plasticity materials are fundamentally different from each other,Therefore this necessitates further examination of the characteristics of each of the materials in order to determine qualities common to all of the materials. The fist part of the study involves an examination of the basic chemical structure and characteristics of the focus materials. The second part of the study involves the determination of chemical (i.e. chemical structural) characteristics common to all of the materials in the study. Ceramic glazes may be the best example of a material, which may be manipulated to exhibit some chemical characteristics shared by the other materials in the study. The act of creation and “interaction” between the artist and materials must be other than a language based communication。So the rationality of making is not language based but inherent to the interaction between the artist and materials. Whilst the sculpture may appear silent and inert, the qualities inherent to its materials and method of creation may invoke an understanding within the viewer that both arouses and transcends the five senses.
馆藏号:

 100472004152    

开放日期:

 2007-06-27    

无标题文档